Chin Ups vs Pull Ups Muscles Worked: Which One Is Better? Both are amazing exercises that are vital for your muscles, but which one is better, or more effective? This article goes over the similarities and differences between chin-ups and pull-ups, tips for improving your chin-up and pull-up exercises, and which one is better.
What is a Chin-up?
A chin-up is an exercise that is done on a horizontal bar attached to a wall, ceiling, or door frame, a couple of inches higher than your head. To perform a chin-up, grip the underside of the bar with your palms facing you, about shoulder length away from each other. You pull your body up with your arms until your chin is above the bar, and drop back down. Then repeat. Many people prefer chin-ups to pull-ups because they are easier to do.
What is a pull-up?
Pull-ups are very similar to chin-ups. You still start with the horizontal hanging bar, and the idea is still to pull your body up until your chin is over the bar. But, the main difference comes in the gripping technique. With a pull-up, your palms face away from you, as you grip the top side of the bar, shoulder length away from each other.
The closer your hands are on the bar, the easier the exercise will be. Moving your hands more far away will add to the challenge. The standard for a pull-up or push-up is shoulder length apart, but you can move your hands closer or farther than that depending on what level you’re at and what works best for you.
What muscles does each target?
Chin ups and pull-ups target pretty much the same muscles, but how much of a certain muscle is targeted differs depending on if you’re doing a chin-up or a pull-up.
Chin ups target your upper back and arms. They help your triceps, your shoulders, and your grip. Chin-ups work your lats helping with shoulder extension. Your biceps get a stronger workout during chin-ups than pull-ups.
Pull ups also target your upper back and arms. Pull-ups work your lats, helping with shoulder adduction. They target your biceps- just not as much as chin-ups do. Pull-ups work out your traps slightly better than chin-ups as well. Chin-ups and pull-ups help work out the same muscles, though chin-ups work out the upper back, biceps, and muscles in the front of your body a tiny bit more than pull-ups, and pull ups work out the lower back, lats, an traps a tiny bit more than chin ups. It’s important to do both chin-ups and pull-ups frequently. If you can’t do a pull up, start by doing chin-ups and work your way up.
Benefits of doing Chin Ups or Pull Ups Muscles Worked
There are many benefits to doing chin-ups and pull-ups. Having a bar for chin-ups and pull-ups is a great addition to a room, or home gym. Chin ups and Pull ups are very effective for strengthening muscles. Not just upper body, back, arm, and your shoulders, but your overall body will be stronger by challenging it in chin-ups or pull-ups. You will have better grip strength, and they can help your mental and physical health. Doing chin-ups and/or pull-ups can help you lose weight, build muscle mass, and boost your metabolism. They will help you have a great physique and are a great form of cardio.
Tips to improve your chin-ups and pull-ups
Chin-ups are easier to do then pull-ups, so if you are having a hard time with pull-ups, try switching to chin-ups for a little bit. Even so, the more chin-ups/ pull-ups you do, the easier they will become, and the stronger you will get. Keep doing them frequently, even if in the beginning they are hard. They will get easier over time. Whether you are doing chin -ups or pull-ups, it’s so important to have the right form, and be safe while doing them. Having a spotter and getting advice and help from a personal trainer are both really beneficial when it comes to performing the exercise right.
The chin-ups and pull-up exercises are all about the grip. Try just hanging on the bar for 10-30 seconds. After that try to move your hands across the bar, and move side to side. The extra amount of time you spend focusing on improving your grip will really help your chin-ups and pull-ups in the long run. Now, while still hanging on the bar, roll your shoulders in small circular movements. Make sure your back is straight and not hunched, and your knees are bent to help strengthen your core muscles, and be able to lift your chin over the bar.
Really working on your grip and form can help your chin-up and pull-up abilities a lot. There are also pull-up assist bands that can help with strength training and help you get a better grip on the bar. When you have mastered chin-ups or pull-ups there are other variations you can do like the horizontal pull-up, or doing a chin up/pull up one handed.
Chin-ups v.s Pull-ups?
The final verdict is that chin-ups and pull-ups are both really good strength exercises for you. Doing both will add a lot to your workout routine. Repetition is key. Repetition will help your muscles grow over time and become stronger and able to better endure, so while it both exercises are good, and both exercises help many of the same muscles, it is the repetition and training that will give you all the benefits.
Make sure you do chin ups and pull-ups very frequently to help strengthen your core muscles.